稅改方案對房市造成的影響

這幾天接到很多人的詢問,也有好幾位客人問我對於稅改方案對房市影響跟看法,先聊聊稅改在房地產方面可能會造成的影響。

房地產稅(Property taxes)
新的規定只允許每年扣除高達1萬美元的房地產稅,影響所及,就是房地產稅單超過1萬元的人。

房屋抵押利息扣除(Mortgage interest deduction)
以前,抵押貸款(貸款)的利息為110萬美元可以扣除現在可能改為

1)100萬美元的貸款利息可以扣除
2)50萬美元的貸款利息可以扣除

2017年11月2日以前Close的貸款都不會受影響,但是還不知道未來如果有refinance的人會不會受影響。

以上是指自住房,如果投資房不在此限

賣房子的優惠年限
目前只要過去的5年中居住在家中2年,每一個在產權上的人有25萬元的資本利得免稅額。現在,新提出的規定是在過去的8年中必須住滿5年,才有免稅優惠。

現在能做什麼?

(1)如果你真想換房,也許可以更積極一點

(2)如果你的房地產稅超過1萬一年,可以先付明年的帳單,至於怎麼付房地產稅,請參考我上周發文

請注意!截自目前12/5號發文日,稅改方案還在眾議院和參議院協商,目前沒有真正的確定方案。至於矽谷房市明年的發展,我認為價格依然會繼續穩定上揚,因為回歸基礎點,矽谷房市目前仍為供需失衡狀態,自住型的買方仍遠多於賣方。然而,價格漲幅的多寡,則需看房子釋出量而定。

以上資訊僅供參考,如果您有稅務上相關問題,請諮詢執業CPA。

https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/04/homeowners-use-these-year-end-tax-moves-to-save-ahead-of-tax-reform.html

 

2017 8月、9月矽谷房市行情報告

 

八月、九月的市場行情報告,反應的正是今年暑假的市況,我的Broker說,今年的房市是前所未有的熱烈,其實觀察周末看房人潮、下offer數,以及下列表格所呈現的Days to Sell (上市到成交所需天數),包括加價率也維持高檔,市況依然是供不應求,且相較於去年同期的成交量,其實listing數並沒有減少,成交天數減少許多,可見市場買氣非常濃厚。

最近在Sunnyvale看房,很多賣房主都是離開矽谷到外州、退休族群,房價維持高檔,換房者減少,其實不利於房市健康。 每一位將要買房的人,我都會告知,現在可是歷史高點,謹慎入市。但是如果你問我,房價會不會跌,目前經濟大環境很樂觀,矽谷就業機會多,有「信心」買房的客戶群不減,即使升息傳聞不斷,估計現在到明年房市,依然會溫和上漲。

 

 

Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is 'Sunnyvale' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 920 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is ‘Sunnyvale‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 920 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is 'Mountain View' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 580 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is ‘Mountain View‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 580 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is 'Los Altos' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 360 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is ‘Los Altos‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 360 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is 'Palo Alto' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 450 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is ‘Palo Alto‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 450 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is '8 - Santa Clara' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 1,000 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is ‘8 – Santa Clara‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 1,000 listings

 

Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is '5 - Berryessa' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 830 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is ‘5 – Berryessa‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 830 listings

 

MI
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is ‘6 – Milpitas‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 490 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is 'Cupertino' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 330 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Postal City is ‘Cupertino‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 330 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is '3 - Evergreen' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 860 listings
Time frame is from Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Area Name is ‘3 – Evergreen‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 860 listings

 

矽谷房產筆記/美國買房新鮮事

▲▼洗碗機需要使用專用洗碗精,才不會讓家裡變成泡泡屋。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲洗碗機需要使用專用洗碗精,才不會讓家裡變成泡泡屋。圖(右)為洗碗機。

▲洗碗機需要使用專用洗圖文/簡明葳(Maggie Chien)

▲▼美國多數房子的洗手槽下方都裝有攪拌器,用來攪拌廚餘。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲美國多數房子的洗手槽下方都裝有攪拌器,用來攪拌廚餘。

記得今年春天一個晴朗的午後,接到剛剛搬入新家的客戶急忙打來:「Maggie,我剛剛把碗盤放到洗碗機,啟動之後,整個地板都是泡沫,我該怎麼辦?你快點告訴賣家,我們家的洗碗機壞了。」

賣家的洗碗機我們交易日前才確認過,不太可能這麼倒楣吧!「冷靜一下,你放的是一般洗碗的洗碗精嗎?」「洗碗機必須使用專用洗碗精,是低泡沫成分,才不會把家裡變成泡泡屋。 」我的客人在電話另一端跟女朋友放聲大笑收場。

加州矽谷的地理位置與高科技產業關係,是一個移民率非常高的地區,根據2017年資料統計,矽谷總人口數約305萬人,其中高達38%約有100萬人是國外出生的移民。如果只看高科技產業,年齡在25歲到44歲的員工中,67% 是在國外出生的移民。

這些初來乍到的移民,跟著我在房屋買賣交易過程中,也發生了不少新鮮事。舉例來說,美國房子裡有太多新奇的「機關」,除了帶看房子,我也常常需要介紹一些大家不熟悉的家電用品。

關於洗碗機,還有不少鮮事,許多人總是認為洗碗機浪費水,洗不乾淨,許多家庭只把洗碗機來當碗架,其實根據不少報告,洗碗機反而省水。不少客戶經我勸說,才體會洗碗機是史上最大發明之一。

如果家裡沒有洗碗機,夫妻之間常有爭執誰來洗碗,這項偉大的發明,想必是大幅減少了許多家庭糾紛。而在家開Home party是住美國的重要社交活動,狂歡之後的殘局誰來收拾?當然是交給洗碗機。只要將碗盤面菜渣沖乾淨依序放入機器內、啟動開關,就能輕鬆搞定一件家事,所以幾乎戶戶都有洗碗機,但是要記得必須定時清理洗碗機的濾網。寫到這裡,一定會有人驚呼:「洗碗機有濾網?」是的,快去 YouTube 找影片看怎麼清理吧。

除了洗碗機,美國人的廚房還有一個廚餘攪拌器(Garbage Disposal),也有人稱之為「鐵胃」,就裝在廚房洗手檯的排水孔下方,功用是將廚餘攪拌成屑,以便排入汙水道。

▲▼美國多數房子的洗手槽下方都裝有攪拌器,用來攪拌廚餘。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲美國多數房子的洗手槽下方都裝有攪拌器,用來攪拌廚餘。

當我帶看房子的時候,經常有人誤觸開關,一陣轟轟聲響,嚇得買家趕緊關閉開關。其實這個攪拌器使用上也有點技巧,這台機器都能並不能輕鬆應付所有的廚餘,常見的果核、蛋殼、完整的檸檬皮、塑膠袋都要小心不能絞入。

最常見的是經常有人絞入湯匙,開啟後會發出驚人響聲,我的客戶不小心絞入過小孩的玩具,只見磨出一陣白煙,機器故障。而使用上最好一陣子就用鋼盆、桶子裝大量的水沖洗,同時開啟開關,定期清理,也能避免累積過多細小的廚餘而發臭。

此外,不管是買賣房屋、或是將房屋出租,煙霧警報器與一氧化碳偵測器是必備的設置,目前最新的設計已經裝有十年環保電池,但是不少舊型裝置需要定期更換電池,如果沒電時,會不定時會發出滴答聲響,提醒家人需要換裝電池。我曾聽說有人被這聲響嚇壞了,不知這莫名聲響何處來,還誤以為家裡有鬼,其實只要換上電池就好啦!很多人則是將電池直接拆掉不理會,煙霧警報器與一氧化碳偵測器可是救命的安全裝置,還是要謹慎一些。

▲▼煙霧警報器與一氧化碳偵測器是居家必備的安全救命設置,需定期更換電池。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲煙霧警報器與一氧化碳偵測器是居家必備的安全救命設置,需定期更換電池。圖(上)圓圓小白點為煙霧警報器與一氧化碳偵測器。

美國因為排水道的特殊設計,可以直接將一般衛生紙丟入馬桶,卻有不少人使用面紙,最後造成嚴重的堵塞,找上通水管工人,一次可要付上幾百塊美金。不少移民習慣在自己的國家的習慣帶到美國,像是把鞋子放在門口、在公共區域晾曬衣服,這也與當地習慣不同,常遭鄰居側目,或是被社區管委會勸告、開罰單。這些異地生活習慣需稍加注意,可以減少許多後續的煩惱與金錢上的損失。

移民的異鄉生活已經不是一件簡單的事,在他鄉成家更是需要面對種種挑戰。買、賣、修房屋的過程裡,處處都有新體驗,讓人感到時而驚嚇、時而有趣,願大家在異鄉打拼的日子裡,面對困難都能從容以對、迎刃而解。

作者簡介

簡明葳(Maggie Chien),前《自由時報》、《蘋果日報》房地產記者,現居美國加州矽谷擔任房地產經紀人(REALTOR®),專職買、賣、管理矽谷地區的房地產也不忘寫字。部落格https://mingweichien.wordpress.com/ 

矽谷房產筆記/別急著搶房 讀完報告再說

▲▼買房之前要注意房屋是否位於一些自然災害區,像是水災區、斷層帶等。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲買房之前要注意房屋是否位於一些自然災害區,像是水災區、斷層帶等。

圖文/簡明葳(Maggie Chien)

不能等到房子歪了、被水淹了,才知道買錯房。在加州,買房之前都會事先知道要買的房子是不是在地震帶、斷層帶、土壤液化區 (Seismic Hazard zone)、洪水區、潛在洪水區…等。而且買房之前也可以做房屋檢查、白蟻檢查、地基檢查等。這些讀不完的報告雖累人,然而對買家而言,能對不動產所在地有更進一步的了解,是更添一份保障。

根據加州法規,賣方賣房子時,一定要出示自然災害與環境報告(Residential Property Disclosure Reports),這份厚達50頁的報告裡,揭露關於自然災害像是房子是否位於地震斷層帶、是否靠近土石流影響區、家中附近有沒有水壩、是否具有水災隱憂,或是已經列為特定的水災洪水區,買房時就必須加購水災保險。

除了自然災害,該報告也明確列出周邊環境報告,像是房屋是否位於航道下方、工業區、農業區、礦業區,附近是否有餐廳、加油站等商業行為、靠近軍事重地、是否還留有地下儲油槽,以前是不是廢料、化學污染的土地等。

▲▼房屋周邊有餐廳、加油站或商場等商業區,也會在自然災害與環境報告中提出,因為可能有較多的蟲害、汙染與噪音問題。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲房屋周邊有餐廳、加油站或商場等商業區,也會在自然災害與環境報告中提出,因為可能有較多的蟲害、汙染與噪音問題。

此外,如果該房屋位於新開發地區,如果需要繳交學校、道路使用等特別稅,都在該報告上清楚說明。曾聽說有人在南加州開開心心買了建商興建的新房,卻忽略了這項特別稅,每年最高達千餘元美金之異,絕對要張大眼睛仔細看。

買方如果想更了解屋況,除了賣方依照法規所提出的Residential Property Disclosure Reports與Disclosure (http://house.ettoday.net/news/982945),買方也能自己請來第三方做屋況檢查,房況檢查報告又可分為「房屋報告 Property Inspection」、「白蟻檢查 Termite Inspection」、「地基檢查 Foundation Report」。「房屋報告」 是關於屋內大小電器、插座、配電檢查、屋頂、基礎結構等等是否堪用、符合建築法規,以及未來如何改善屋況。這項檢查可以讓買方準備預算,作為未來裝修房屋的參考依據。

▲▼加州房屋多為木造屋,因此白蟻檢查就顯得很重要。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲加州房屋多為木造屋,因此白蟻檢查就顯得很重要。

加州房屋絕大多數是木結構房屋,「白蟻檢查」 會檢驗出木結構的損害情形,房子是被哪一種白蟻給吃了,房屋是否有黴菌?以及報告中會提出危險程度較高,建議應該立即修復的部分稱之為「Section 1」 ,Section 1 是一項明確的數字,表明維修所需費用,這項屋況損害程度的嚴重性,也是買房前的重要指標。

一般來說,三十年屋齡以上的獨立屋,如果 Section 1 如果在2000美金以下,屋況屬於非常好的房子,5千美金以內都還是可以接受的範圍,如果高達8千美金以上,便屬於翻修項目多、可能是有不少白蟻或房屋保養不當、可能需要整修才能遷入。

我跟客戶曾經進入一間霉味很嚴重的房屋,牆面已經龜裂,連呼吸都覺得困難,白蟻檢查報告 Section 1金額為1.2萬美金,客戶礙於預算關係,又必須向學區妥協,只能咬牙買下屋況較差的房,後續再自行整理。雖然當初買下屋況差、但是地點好,一年來漲幅已經高於20%。

最後則是地基檢查報告,以北加州為例,80%以上的房屋位於地震帶以及土壤液化區 Liquefaction Zone,地基檢查報告出爐結果,必定是建議做花費高昂的維修。如果房子沒有嚴重歪斜、門窗無法關閉、牆壁裂縫等現象,多半不會再自費檢查,而是等到大型維修時,再加強地基或重建。

▲▼如果不是房屋嚴重歪斜,很少人會主動修復地基,多數會等到重建或修繕時再一起進行。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲如果不是房屋嚴重歪斜,很少人會主動修復地基,多數會等到重建或修繕時再一起進行。

矽谷房子搶翻天,搶買獨立屋之前,一定要細讀賣方所提供的Residential Property Disclosure Reports與Disclosure,如果賣方沒有提供屋況檢查報告,買方也有權益請第三方單位檢查。但是能不能拿來當成議價的條件,則必須要在不動產合約上寫明,一旦雙方簽訂,就必須遵守買賣交易契約。

矽谷正值一股搶房熱,所有買方在搶房之前一定要有認知,除非是購買建商蓋的全新房,否則買入獨立屋都是幾十年的老房子,即使加州天氣乾燥,大多數房子也有管線、屋況老舊、白蟻等問題需要解決。未來要有一次大翻新,或是經常需要修房的心理準備。(本文為「當看房子變得像逛菜市場」系列二)

作者簡介

簡明葳(Maggie Chien),前《自由時報》、《蘋果日報》房地產記者,現居美國加州矽谷擔任房地產經紀人(REALTOR®),專職買、賣、管理矽谷地區的房地產也不忘寫字。FB: Maggie Chien-Realtor 矽谷專業房地產經理人 

2016矽谷房市放暑假!

  • 抱歉,我不是神仙

今天是9/1號,剛好把7月+8月的房市表現寫一寫,在還沒看數據之前,先跟大家聊一聊最近市場上的心聲,這兩個月我遇到最多人問我「房價會不會跌?」

我在六月跟七月時跟大家說,目前沒有跌,但是有機會撿便宜,不用加價太多,想買房的請把握機會! 

為什麼呢? 因為暑假大家都去度假了啊!比較少買方在市場上,特別是美國國慶日時,城裡好像少了幾乎快一半的人出城,因此有不少人在七月初下手,買了個好價錢,當時產品不多,但是因為競爭少,加價率不會太高,甚至在市場上太久的房子,可以用listing price 或是低於 listing price買到。

我就有客人用現金搶到低於市價5%且五天成交的個案。

不過8月時市場上又回歸4月份時的熱絡,我們可以在部分城市看到加價率又回升的案例(像是Palo Alto, Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View等,請參考下面房價走勢圖),顯示市場稍微回溫,尤其是精華區、好地段域表現更加明顯。

  • 淡季要來了!

本周的長周末(Labor day weekend)是傳統旺季,照理說,市場上會有大量房子推出,但是至今看來是還好,也呈現往年銷售量到九月就開始收縮的型態,秋冬之後,本來就是矽谷房市淡季,但是也是有機會撿到便宜的季節,房價總是在10~1月份穩定,甚至有時候能用可以用listing price 或是低於 listing price買到,直到2月就開始跳漲10%,已經連續好幾年均是如此,想買自住房的,請把握秋冬的機會,但是能選的房子也會相對減少許多

past 8 years sale volume
Time frame is from Jan 2008 to Dec 2016 Postal City is one of ‘Cupertino’, ‘Mountain View’, ‘Palo Alto’, ‘San Jose’, ‘Santa Clara’, ‘Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from 101,567 listings

 

房市從2008到2016年至今,目前漲幅突破100%,目前市場上買方加價力道已經衰退,但是為什麼房價沒有下跌?主要是股市近半年驚驚漲,目前仍處於高點多空交戰,矽谷房市多數為工程師、創業家等買方支撐,股票的價值對於此類型買方顯得相當重要,因此股票若位於高點,房價很難出現大幅轉折。

past 8 years sale price
近八年房價走勢 Time frame is from Jan 2011 to Aug 2016 Postal City is one of ‘Cupertino’, ‘Mountain View’, ‘Palo Alto’, ‘San Jose’, ‘Santa Clara’, ‘Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from 67,482 listings

 

 

很多人問我要不要買房,老話一句,如果是長期持有,在矽谷可說是越早買越好,除非你的租金遠低於行情,或是還沒有真正的實際需求,像是結婚、生子等等,早知道早點買,這是矽谷房市的硬道理。

  • 奉勸大家一句,買房之後,請把Redfin, Zillow給關了,因為這一兩年是不會有太多變化的,就算有,未來還是修正之後往上走勢,現在房價多少錢都與你無關,請你要賣的那天再來關心就好。

 

接下來看看區域表現! 加價率與成交日期有短期震盪都屬正常現象,每個月成交產品多元,都會有所影響,主要還是要回歸房價走勢大格局!

PA
Time frame is from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 Postal City is ‘Palo Alto’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 420 listings
CU
Time frame is from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 Postal City is ‘Mountain View’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 560 listings

 

 

Berryessa
今年漲很大,且近幾個月釋出量最多的Berryessa,加價率穩定未深跌,後續值得關注。 Time frame is from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 Area Name is ‘5 – Berryessa’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 800 listings
SU
Sunnyvale看起來是加價率大幅下跌,其實是市場上出現的產品都很兩光所致,很多1間廁所的,或是在大型apartment社區附近的,誰要加價買啊? 別擔心,下個月加價率肯定又回來了。 Time frame is from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 Postal City is ‘Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 880 listings
SC
Santa clara 好區還是要加個10% 才拿的到喔! Time frame is from Sep 2015 to Aug 2016 Postal City is ‘Santa Clara’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 910 listings

本文為本人Maggie Chien親自撰寫,轉載請註明出處,若有任何房市問題請來電4085053003!

Maggie會熱心為您解答Mingwei Business card

 

10個您需要知道的買房出支

如果您是首次購屋者,瞭解您必須支付出的以下十項買房額外費用,可以幫助您在付錢時比較有心理準備。
1.誠意金 (Earnest money)
為了證明您是有誠意的想要購買房屋,必須支付1%至2%的總購買價為誠意金。誠意金的大小是會根據市場因素而改變,如果您所在地區的房屋買賣市場很熱門,賣家可以要求比較多的誠意金,相對的如果市場冷卻,賣方可能只需要非常小額的誠意金。另外各州政府也有不同的誠意金金額規定管理。
2.託管賬戶 (Escrow account)
託管賬戶基本上是一種貸款公司確保您有足夠的資金來支付相關稅費和貸款保險。您需要支付的金額依照地區、貸款公司、貸款類型而異,可能包括了數個月至一年的費用。託管賬戶通常是在訂金低於20%以下所需,同時也是FHA首次購屋貸款強制必須要有的,但VA退伍軍官貸款並不需要。
3.貸款手續費 (Origination)
手續費通常金額頗高,這是必須支付給貸款經紀人或是貸款公司的手續費,包括承銷、始發和處理代理價錢。手續費通常只是貸款總金額的一小部分,通常為總金額的1%,請記得找貸款時還是得貨比三家。
4.房屋檢驗費用 (Inspection)
您要確保新家沒有任何損毀或是結構上的問題,例如漏水、害蟲、發霉等問題,就必須支付房屋檢驗費。通常房屋檢驗費大約介於$300至$500元左右,房屋檢驗可偵測出結構問題,淹水可能性,和其他重大問題。害蟲檢驗費用大約為$150左右,一般檢驗的重大害蟲為白蟻。
5. 律師費用 (Attorney)
少數地區在房屋成交時必須有律師在場,例如喬治亞州,大部份地區則不需要。如果您的所在地需要有律師協助成交,您就得支付律師費用。
6.信用檢查 (Credit check)
雖然網路上有免費的信用檢查,但一般貸款公司都不會接受這種免費報告,貸款公司所需信用檢查大約為30元。
7.額外保險 (Extra insurance)
如果您住在天災較多的地區,可能需要購買額外的保險,例如洪水、地震險等等。
8.估價費用 (Appraisal)
您的貸款公司一定要在知道房產公平價值後才會願意貸款給您,房地產估價費用大約為200至400元左右,以地區和房屋大小各有所異。
9.產權過戶費用 (Title Company)
您必須支付產權過戶費用給過戶公司,確保房產所有權是明確無誤的,通常貸款公司會推薦過戶公司給您,但您也可自己找尋合作公司。
10.土地勘測費用 (Survey)
土地勘測並不是必須的,但是貸款公司可能會要求您使用專業土地偵測,來確認您的地產大小界線,價格大約100元左右。
記住:您有議價能力,貨比三家,多做功課瞭解您的地區的平均費用,如果您對價錢不滿意,可議價,也可尋找別家公司服務。
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10 Home-Buying Costs You Need to Know About
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If you’re a first-time home buyer, you might get a little queasy when the last line of your good-faith estimate comes in at several thousand dollars. And after the color returns to your face, you might also be a little more than perplexed by some of those fees.
Knowing what you’re paying for—like these 10 common costs—can ease that check-writing pain.
1. Earnest money
To prove you’re “earnest” in your purchase commitment, expect to plunk down 1% to 2% of the total purchase price as an earnest money deposit. This amount can change depending on market factors. If demand in your area is high, a seller could expect a larger deposit. If the market is cold, a seller could be happy with less than 1%.
Other governing factors like state limitations and rules can cap how much earnest money a seller can ask for.
2. Escrow account
An escrow account is basically a way for your mortgage company to make sure you have enough money to cover related taxes and mortgage insurance. The amount you need to pay varies by location, lender, and loan type. It could cover costs for a few months to a year.
Escrow accounts are common for loans with less than a 20% down payment and mandatory for FHA loans, but it’s not required for VA loans.
3. Origination
The origination fee is a hefty one. It’s the price you pay the loan officer or broker for completing the loan, and it includes underwriting, originating, and processing costs.
The origination fee is a small percentage of the total loan. A typical origination fee is about 1%, but it can vary. Use your good-faith estimate to shop around.
4. Inspection
You want to be assured your new home is structurally sound and free of surprises such as leaks or pests living in the walls. Those assurances come with a price.
Home inspection: This is critical for home buyers. A good inspector will be able to notify you of structural problems, flooding issues, and other potentially serious problems. Expect to pay $300 to $500 for a home inspection, although cost varies by location.
Radon inspection: An EPA-recommended step, this inspection will determine whether your prospective home has elevated levels of the cancer-causing agent radon. A professional radon inspection can cost several hundred dollars.
Pest inspections: Roaches are one thing. Termites are a whole different story. Expect to pay up to $150 for a termite inspection.
5. Attorney
Some states, such as Georgia, require an attorney to be present at closing. In some other areas, this is optional. If you use a lawyer, expect to cover the costs, which vary by area and lawyer.
It’s typical for mortgage companies to have a lawyer on their end, although they should cover the bill.
6. Credit check
Just because you can get your credit report for free doesn’t mean your lender can (and it will actually pull all three). You have to reimburse the lender, usually around $30.
7. Extra insurance
If you live in a hazard-prone area, you might need to purchase extra insurance, like for flood.
8. Appraisal
Your lender won’t loan you money for a home without knowing what its fair market value is. An appraisal will cost $200 to $400, depending on location and property size.
9. Title company
You pay this to the title company to make sure the property’s title is free and clear. Your lender will recommend a title company, but you can also shop around for one.
10. Survey
It’s not required in all instances, but your lender may require a professional surveyor to determine exactly where your property lines are drawn. Prices vary widely, but expect to pay at least $100.
Remember: You have bargaining power. Shop around to get a feel for what rates and fees apply in your area. If you aren’t sure what a lender is charging, ask for an explanation—the charge might not be set in stone. If you’re unhappy with a charge, negotiate.
(Info Source: Realtor.com & wordpress.com)

十大房東省稅法/Top Ten Tax Deductions for Landlords

No landlord would pay more than necessary for utilities or other operating expenses for a rental property. Yet millions of landlords pay more taxes on their rental income than they have to. Why? Rental real estate provides more tax benefits than almost any other investment.

Every year, millions of landlords pay more taxes on their rental income than they have to. Why? Because they fail to take advantage of all the tax deductions available for owners of rental property. Rental real estate provides more tax benefits than almost any other investment.

Often, these benefits make the difference between losing money and earning a profit on a rental property. Here are the top ten tax deductions for owners of small residential rental property.

  1. Interest (利息)

Interest is often a landlord’s single biggest deductible expense. Common examples of interest that landlords can deduct include mortgage interest payments on loans used to acquire or improve rental property and interest on credit cards for goods or services used in a rental activity.

  1. Depreciation(折舊)

The actual cost of a house, apartment building, or other rental property is not fully deductible in the year in which you pay for it. Instead, landlords get back the cost of real estate through depreciation. This involves deducting a portion of the cost of the property over several years.

  1. Repairs(修繕費用,重新漆油漆、修屋頂排水管、漏水、修窗戶等等)

The cost of repairs to rental property (provided the repairs are ordinary, necessary, and reasonable in amount) are fully deductible in the year in which they are incurred. Good examples of deductible repairs include repainting, fixing gutters or floors, fixing leaks, plastering, and replacing broken windows.

Read Tips for Maximizing Repair Deductions to ensure your expense will constitute as a repair, not an improvement.

  1. Local Travel(就連幫租客服務的油錢都可以抵稅)

Landlords are entitled to a tax deduction whenever they drive anywhere for their rental activity. For example, when you drive to your rental building to deal with a tenant complaint or go to the hardware store to purchase a part for a repair, you can deduct your travel expenses.

If you drive a car, SUV, van, pickup, or panel truck for your rental activity (as most landlords do), you have two options for deducting your vehicle expenses. You can:

  • deduct your actual expenses (gasoline, upkeep, repairs), or
  • use the standard mileage rate (check the IRS website for current rates). To qualify for the standard mileage rate, you must use the standard mileage method the first year you use a car for your business activity. Moreover, you can’t use the standard mileage rate if you have claimed accelerated depreciation deductions in prior years, or have taken a Section 179 deduction for the vehicle.
  1. Long Distance Travel (遠距離的租客服務,機票、飯店、餐食都可以抵稅,留下證據跟發票,不可以趁機無限上綱)

If you travel overnight for your rental activity, you can deduct your airfare, hotel bills, meals, and other expenses. If you plan your trip carefully, you can even mix landlord business with pleasure and still take a deduction.

However, IRS auditors closely scrutinize deductions for overnight travel — and many taxpayers get caught claiming these deductions without proper records to back them up. To stay within the law (and avoid unwanted attention from the IRS), you need to properly document your long distance travel expenses.

  1. Home Office(居家工作室,相關費用需符合Home Business Tax Deductions) 

Provided they meet certain minimal requirements, landlords may deduct their home office expenses from their taxable income. This deduction applies not only to space devoted to office work, but also to a workshop or any other home workspace you use for your rental business. This is true whether you own your home or apartment or are a renter.

  1. Employees and Independent Contractors(聘請員工、技工費用)

Whenever you hire anyone to perform services for your rental activity, you can deduct their wages as a rental business expense. This is so whether the worker is an employee (for example, a resident manager) or an independent contractor (for example, a repair person).

Find out tax rules that apply to landlords who hire independent contractors to help them with their rental business, see Hiring Independent Contractors for Your Rental Activity.

  1. Casualty and Theft Losses (遭竊損失)

If your rental property is damaged or destroyed from a sudden event like a fire or flood, you may be able to obtain a tax deduction for all or part of your loss. These types of losses are called casualty losses. You usually won’t be able to deduct the entire cost of property damaged or destroyed by a casualty. How much you may deduct depends on how much of your property was destroyed and whether the loss was covered by insurance.

9.Insurance (保險)

You can deduct the premiums you pay for almost any insurance for your rental activity. This includes fire, theft, and flood insurance for rental property, as well as landlord liability insurance. And if you have employees, you can deduct the cost of their health and workers’ compensation insurance.

  1. Legal and Professional Services (專業服務支出:律師、會計師、管理公司、投資顧問等費用)

Finally, you can deduct fees that you pay to attorneys, accountants, property management companies, real estate investment advisors, and other professionals. You can deduct these fees as operating expenses as long as the fees are paid for work related to your rental activity.

特別的是,以27.5年的年限來針對房屋折舊抵稅。

Landlords can greatly increase the depreciation deductions they receive the first few years they own rental property by using segmented depreciation.

Careful planning can permit you to deduct, in a single year, the cost of improvements to rental property that you would otherwise have to deduct over 27.5 years.

You can rent out a vacation home tax-free, in some cases.

Most small landlords can deduct up to $25,000 in rental property losses each year.

A special tax rule permits some landlords to deduct 100% of their rental property losses every year, no matter how much.

People who rent property to their family or friends can lose virtually all of their tax deductions.

If you didn’t know one or more of these facts, you could be paying far more tax than you need to.

以上資料來自 http://www.nolo.com