矽谷房產筆記/別急著搶房 讀完報告再說

▲▼買房之前要注意房屋是否位於一些自然災害區,像是水災區、斷層帶等。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲買房之前要注意房屋是否位於一些自然災害區,像是水災區、斷層帶等。

圖文/簡明葳(Maggie Chien)

不能等到房子歪了、被水淹了,才知道買錯房。在加州,買房之前都會事先知道要買的房子是不是在地震帶、斷層帶、土壤液化區 (Seismic Hazard zone)、洪水區、潛在洪水區…等。而且買房之前也可以做房屋檢查、白蟻檢查、地基檢查等。這些讀不完的報告雖累人,然而對買家而言,能對不動產所在地有更進一步的了解,是更添一份保障。

根據加州法規,賣方賣房子時,一定要出示自然災害與環境報告(Residential Property Disclosure Reports),這份厚達50頁的報告裡,揭露關於自然災害像是房子是否位於地震斷層帶、是否靠近土石流影響區、家中附近有沒有水壩、是否具有水災隱憂,或是已經列為特定的水災洪水區,買房時就必須加購水災保險。

除了自然災害,該報告也明確列出周邊環境報告,像是房屋是否位於航道下方、工業區、農業區、礦業區,附近是否有餐廳、加油站等商業行為、靠近軍事重地、是否還留有地下儲油槽,以前是不是廢料、化學污染的土地等。

▲▼房屋周邊有餐廳、加油站或商場等商業區,也會在自然災害與環境報告中提出,因為可能有較多的蟲害、汙染與噪音問題。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲房屋周邊有餐廳、加油站或商場等商業區,也會在自然災害與環境報告中提出,因為可能有較多的蟲害、汙染與噪音問題。

此外,如果該房屋位於新開發地區,如果需要繳交學校、道路使用等特別稅,都在該報告上清楚說明。曾聽說有人在南加州開開心心買了建商興建的新房,卻忽略了這項特別稅,每年最高達千餘元美金之異,絕對要張大眼睛仔細看。

買方如果想更了解屋況,除了賣方依照法規所提出的Residential Property Disclosure Reports與Disclosure (http://house.ettoday.net/news/982945),買方也能自己請來第三方做屋況檢查,房況檢查報告又可分為「房屋報告 Property Inspection」、「白蟻檢查 Termite Inspection」、「地基檢查 Foundation Report」。「房屋報告」 是關於屋內大小電器、插座、配電檢查、屋頂、基礎結構等等是否堪用、符合建築法規,以及未來如何改善屋況。這項檢查可以讓買方準備預算,作為未來裝修房屋的參考依據。

▲▼加州房屋多為木造屋,因此白蟻檢查就顯得很重要。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲加州房屋多為木造屋,因此白蟻檢查就顯得很重要。

加州房屋絕大多數是木結構房屋,「白蟻檢查」 會檢驗出木結構的損害情形,房子是被哪一種白蟻給吃了,房屋是否有黴菌?以及報告中會提出危險程度較高,建議應該立即修復的部分稱之為「Section 1」 ,Section 1 是一項明確的數字,表明維修所需費用,這項屋況損害程度的嚴重性,也是買房前的重要指標。

一般來說,三十年屋齡以上的獨立屋,如果 Section 1 如果在2000美金以下,屋況屬於非常好的房子,5千美金以內都還是可以接受的範圍,如果高達8千美金以上,便屬於翻修項目多、可能是有不少白蟻或房屋保養不當、可能需要整修才能遷入。

我跟客戶曾經進入一間霉味很嚴重的房屋,牆面已經龜裂,連呼吸都覺得困難,白蟻檢查報告 Section 1金額為1.2萬美金,客戶礙於預算關係,又必須向學區妥協,只能咬牙買下屋況較差的房,後續再自行整理。雖然當初買下屋況差、但是地點好,一年來漲幅已經高於20%。

最後則是地基檢查報告,以北加州為例,80%以上的房屋位於地震帶以及土壤液化區 Liquefaction Zone,地基檢查報告出爐結果,必定是建議做花費高昂的維修。如果房子沒有嚴重歪斜、門窗無法關閉、牆壁裂縫等現象,多半不會再自費檢查,而是等到大型維修時,再加強地基或重建。

▲▼如果不是房屋嚴重歪斜,很少人會主動修復地基,多數會等到重建或修繕時再一起進行。(圖/簡明葳提供)

▲如果不是房屋嚴重歪斜,很少人會主動修復地基,多數會等到重建或修繕時再一起進行。

矽谷房子搶翻天,搶買獨立屋之前,一定要細讀賣方所提供的Residential Property Disclosure Reports與Disclosure,如果賣方沒有提供屋況檢查報告,買方也有權益請第三方單位檢查。但是能不能拿來當成議價的條件,則必須要在不動產合約上寫明,一旦雙方簽訂,就必須遵守買賣交易契約。

矽谷正值一股搶房熱,所有買方在搶房之前一定要有認知,除非是購買建商蓋的全新房,否則買入獨立屋都是幾十年的老房子,即使加州天氣乾燥,大多數房子也有管線、屋況老舊、白蟻等問題需要解決。未來要有一次大翻新,或是經常需要修房的心理準備。(本文為「當看房子變得像逛菜市場」系列二)

作者簡介

簡明葳(Maggie Chien),前《自由時報》、《蘋果日報》房地產記者,現居美國加州矽谷擔任房地產經紀人(REALTOR®),專職買、賣、管理矽谷地區的房地產也不忘寫字。FB: Maggie Chien-Realtor 矽谷專業房地產經理人 

2017 1~2月矽谷房市行情報告

今天是驚蟄,灣區不打春雷,而是下了冰雹,跟房地產最近的市場一樣猛烈。

發表一下MLS 1~2月的銷售數據,1~2月的數據代表著去年底與今年1月的買氣,過了一個年,市場的腳步已經站穩,價格繼續挑戰新高,今年的買氣跟去年 (2016年3月我的文章) 買氣相比有增無減,矽谷房市已經熱到頂點,價格繼續前進,銷售量則因為淡季,維持著平均水平。市場上嚴重的問題是房源少、需求高,希望未來的兩個月,會有更多可售房屋釋出,平緩一下漲不停的房價。

其實,在去年總統大選選完一個月,我們就嗅到了市場蠢蠢欲動的氣氛,原本觀望的群眾紛紛跨入買房行列,在下offer的時候,更是能感受到市場的溫度,Mountain View, Sunnyvale, Santa Clara的offer數都在10份以上,近20份則是時有所聞,MV不加個20萬買不到、Sunnyvale Single Family好學區則是15%以上加價率才有counter offer的機會,如果是策略性開低價吸引買方目光的房源,時不時有超過30份offer甚至1月時,Santa Clara出現了55份offer的紀錄。

不僅中古屋需要激烈競標,連新房都是讓人等地苦哈哈,新房案源其實不少,只是想買的人更多,因此Mountain View就有建商的新房採取標售方式銷售。

若是新房案源,以往多數採用先建後售,或至少是半成屋之後開始選擇細部建材與設備,可以作半客製化的建築,且是固定價格銷售。這個新建社區則是連Model home都沒蓋,就開始接受排隊銷售,而且銷售方式是「投標」,而非採固定價格銷售。

截至3/5日為止,該案銷售經理就告訴我,上次release 12間,一共收到160份offer,平均加價9萬美金。 價格相對低的Town house平均加價10萬美金,Single family 平均加7萬美金,下一次的release預計在3/18日,到時候再看看會多瘋狂。

我們來看看MLS 1~2月的成交數據吧,請仔細參考數據圖片下方的圖說,有針對區域、產品別的說明。

第一張是南灣近10年平均銷售價格,區域有Sunnyvale, Cupertino, Santa Clara, Berryessa, Campbell, Milpitas

Time frame is from Jan 2007 to Dec 2017 Area Name is one of '5 - Berryessa', '15 - Campbell', '18 - Cupertino', '6 - Milpitas', '8 - Santa Clara', '19 - Sunnyvale' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from 46,971 listings
Time frame is from Jan 2007 to Dec 2017 Area Name is one of ‘5 – Berryessa’, ’15 – Campbell’, ’18 – Cupertino’, ‘6 – Milpitas’, ‘8 – Santa Clara’, ’19 – Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from 46,971 listings

接下來是各大城市平均加價率與平均銷售成交日,

我有把某些城市的Single Family 數據獨立出來,以供參考。

Sunnyvale

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Sunnyvale' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 580 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 580 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Sunnyvale' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 890 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Sunnyvale’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 890 listings

Cupertino

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Cupertino' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 350 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Cupertino’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 350 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Cupertino' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 250 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Cupertino’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 250 listings

Santa Clara

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Santa Clara' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 870 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Santa Clara’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 870 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Santa Clara' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 520 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Santa Clara’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 520 listings

Mountain View

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Mountain View' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 560 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Mountain View’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 560 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is 'Mountain View' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 240 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Postal City is ‘Mountain View’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 240 listings

Berryessa

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '5 - Berryessa' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 820 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ‘5 – Berryessa‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 820 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '5 - Berryessa' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 490 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ‘5 – Berryessa‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 490 listings

Campbell

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '15 - Campbell' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 860 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ’15 – Campbell‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Townhouse’ Results calculated from approximately 860 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '15 - Campbell' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 570 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ’15 – Campbell‘ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 570 listings

以上是包括矽谷周邊的房市數據分析,若有其他數據或產品的分析等進一步需求,或是有買、賣房子的計畫,歡迎透過下列方式跟我聯繫。

  • 電話 408-505-3003 Maggie
  • FB/電郵:chienmingwei@gmail.com
  • 微訊:maggiechien002
  • LINE:chienmingwei
  • FB粉絲專頁:Maggie Chien-Realtor

3/7/2017 Updated! 補上 Evergreen, Blossom Valley, Almaden Valley House的平均成交天數與加價率

Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '3 - Evergreen' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 550 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ‘3 – Evergreen’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 550 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '12 - Blossom Valley' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 670 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ’12 – Blossom Valley’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 670 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is '13 - Almaden Valley' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is 'Single Family Home' Results calculated from approximately 360 listings
Time frame is from Mar 2016 to Feb 2017 Area Name is ’13 – Almaden Valley’ Property Type is ‘Residential’ Property Sub Type is ‘Single Family Home’ Results calculated from approximately 360 listings

U.S. consumer confidence steady; new home sales near eight-and-a-half-year high

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. consumer confidence held steady in July and new single-family home sales hit their highest level in nearly 8-1/2 years in June, suggesting sustained momentum in the economy.

Other data on Tuesday showed moderate gains in house prices in May, which should support consumer spending and keep home purchasing affordable, especially for first-time buyers who have started venturing into the housing market.

The Conference Board said its consumer index was 97.3 this month after a reading of 97.4 in June. The largely unchanged data followed Britain’s stunning vote last month to leave the European Union, which rattled global financial markets and led to a dip in other sentiment measures.

A recent rally on Wall Street, strengthening U.S. labor market and lower gasoline prices are supporting consumer confidence, helping to underpin economic activity.

Prices for long-dated U.S. Treasuries fell after the data, while the dollar rose against the euro. U.S. stocks were trading slightly higher.

In a separate report the Commerce Department said new home sales increased 3.5 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 592,000 units last month, the highest level since February 2008. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast new home sales, which account for about 9.6 percent of the housing market, rising to a rate of 560,000 units last month.

Sales were up 25.4 percent from a year ago. Last month’s increase left new home sales in the second quarter well above their average for the first three months of the year.

The housing market is gaining speed with a report last week showing home resales vaulted to near a 9-1/2-year high in June. At the same time, single-family housing starts increased solidly in June.

The housing market, which is being buoyed by tightening labor market conditions and mortgage rates near record lows, is helping to power the economy. New home sales are likely benefiting from a persistent shortage of previously owned houses available for sale.

New single-family homes sales jumped 10.4 percent in the Midwest and soared 10.9 percent in the West, which has seen a sharp increase in home prices amid tight inventories. But sales fell 5.6 percent in the Northeast and slipped 0.3 percent in the populous South.

Last month, the inventory of new homes on the market increased 1.2 percent to 244,000 units. At June’s sales pace it would take 4.9 months to clear the supply of houses on the market, down from 5.1 months in May.

A third report on Tuesday showed the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller composite index of 20 metropolitan areas rose 5.2 percent in May on a year-over-year basis. Prices rose 5.4 percent in April.

Prices in the 20 cities fell 0.1 percent in May from April on a seasonally adjusted basis. They increased 0.9 percent from April on an unadjusted basis.