The API: 10 things parents should know

前兩天一個Cupertino 搬走的媽媽語重心長地告訴我

「我要是重新再選擇一次,我不會讓我孩子去念Monta Vista ,Pidmont High也很好啊,我兒子在MV只是前20%,他沒有高中生活,一直在念書,如果到競爭少一點點的學校,他會不會比較快樂我無法確定,但是他排名一定會很前面,史丹佛只要全校的第一名,在名校的孩子,實在很可憐...」

API分數常常是有孩子的家庭購買房子的參考指標,去年10月開始,Redfin重新調整學區分數,許多API落後的學校,突然變成9分10分,不管如何,API分數真的是百分之百的指標嗎? 你的孩子一定要爭破頭搶好學校嗎?

這裡有篇來自greatschools.org的文章,提供大家參考,讓你對所謂的API 分數有進一步的了解

1. The API is not a test.

Rather, the API is a school performance measurement system that was first developed as part of California’s 1999 Public Schools Accountability Act. Each year, the state calculates the Base API for each school to establish a baseline for the school’s academic performance, and it sets an annual target for growth. Each summer, the state announces the Growth API for each school, which reflects growth in the API from year to year.

The 2011 Base API, released in May 2012, is calculated using each school’s test results from the California Standards Tests (CSTs — state tests designed to see how students are learning state standards), the California Modified Assessment (CMA), the California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA) and the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE).

The 2012 Growth API, which will be released in September 2012, shows the school’s academic growth for the year. It is calculated in the same way as the 2011 Base API.

2. The API measures both school performance and improvement.

The API can be used to see how well a school did on tests in any given year, as well as to track school progress over time. Each year, parents can review a school’s API number, which shows how well it did relative to the state’s goal of 800, and also check the school’s growth from the previous year. To make it an accurate measure of school improvement, the Base API calculation only includes test results of students who were in the district during the previous school year. The Growth API is calculated using results of students from the current school year.

3. The API has very high stakes.

Due to the spotlight on API results from newspapers and the state, schools are under tremendous pressure to increase test scores and improve their APIs. While some argue that this pressure encourages schools to improve classroom instruction, others are afraid that schools will shortchange rich curricular programs in favor of test preparation drills.

4. The API measures academic performance, not school quality.

As a parent, you may have heard people say things like, “The school has an API of 750, so it must be a great school,” or “The API is only 550? What’s wrong with this school?” While these simple assessments are tempting, be careful about jumping to conclusions based on a school’s API alone. Before making any overall judgments about a school’s quality, be sure to look at its API improvement as well as other key factors, including teacher experience, parent involvement and special programs.

5. The API focuses on achievement for all students.

The API is designed to show how well schools are serving students across all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. For this reason, separate APIs are calculated for each of a school’s statistically significant subgroups, which include any ethnic groups that account for a significant percentage of the school’s population. If “numerically significant,” APIs are also calculated for a school’s socioeconomically disadvantaged students (students who qualify for the subsidized lunch program or who don’t have a parent with a high school degree), English learners, and students with disabilities.

6. Schools that don’t improve their APIs must get help.

If a school doesn’t meet its API growth target and has one of the lower Base APIs in the state, it may receive grants and special assistance to help with improvement efforts. If a school continues to fall short of its target, it may eventually be subject to strong local or state sanctions, including reassigning the principal (subject to a public hearing), reorganization or even school closure.

7. API results are for schools and districts only.

There is no such thing as an individual student API. The API is based on scores from the CSTs, the CMA, the CAPA and the CAHSEE. The API measures how a school’s or district’s academic performance improves from year to year.

8. The API has changed.

It used to include just the results of the norm-referenced tests — in the first years, the Stanford 9 tests and later the CAT/6. These tests compared California students to their peers nationwide. In recent years the emphasis has shifted to include more results from the CSTs, which more accurately reflect what California students are expected to learn in the classroom, and fewer results from the CAT/6. In early 2009, the CAT/6 Survey was eliminated entirely as a testing tool in the state.

In 2001-2002, CSTs in English language arts (for grades 2 through 11) were added to API calculations. Scores from CSTs in math (for grades 2 through 11), social science (for grades 10 and 11), and the CAHSEE were added in 2002-2003 to provide a more accurate picture of what students have learned. In 2003-2004, CST science tests in grades 9 through 11 and the CAPA in language and math in grades 2 through 11 were added. Since 2004-2005 even more indicators have been added. The API now includes the CST in science for grades 5 and 8 through 11 and in history-social science for grades 8 through 11. In 2008, the California Modified Assessment (CMA) was added to the API for grades 3 through 5. Grades 6 through 8 of the CMA were added in 2010.

9. The API is complicated.

If the whole topic of the API confuses you, you’re not alone. Educators and parents alike struggle to understand where the API comes from, how it’s calculated and what exactly it means. Here’s the bottom line: APIs range from 200 to 1000 and the goal for all schools is 800. The API is based on test scores and is calculated in a way that encourages schools to raise the test scores of the lowest-scoring students.

10. GreatSchools Ratings and the California API are different.

GreatSchools also calculates a rating on a scale of 1 to 10 based on California test results. There are several important differences between GreatSchools Ratings and California API Ranks:

  • API Ranks are created by the California Department of Education. GreatSchools Ratings are created by GreatSchools.
  • The API is calculated using results from the CSTs, CMA, CAHSEE, and the CAPA. GreatSchools Ratings are calculated using the CSTs only. For additional information on GreatSchools Ratings, check our frequently asked questions.
  • Some test subjects count more than others in the API.
  • The API includes all 5 levels of proficiency (far below basic, below basic, basic, proficient or advanced), each receiving a different number of points toward the total API. The API is calculated this way to encourage improvement in test scores. GreatSchools Ratings use only the percent of students who scored at the proficient and advanced levels. GreatSchools Ratings show how the percentage of students on grade level at a school compared to schools across the state.






現在想賣屋的屋主都很精,網路上隨便一查都知道行情,如果不是屋況特差、Location不好,不加個10~15%是進不到第二輪的Counter offer門檻的。除了第二輪 Counter offer,如果屋主需要錢,家裡孩子高中畢業要賣房,可能還需要Final Counter Offer 大決戰,若沒有一鼓作氣,可能就會與心中的Dream house擦身而過,這是我最近幫客人搶房子的心得。

廢話不多說,來看看平均加價率變化曲線,還是 Sunnyvale加價率最高,往南而遞減,到Evergreen稍稍緩息。



Sunnyvale Mar 2015 to Feb 2016



SU price
Sunnyvale Sale Prices 平均House成交價逐年升高


Santa Clara 201603
Santa Clara 201603 加價率繼續攀升


Berryessa 201603
Berryessa Mar 2015 to Feb 2016


Mar 2015 to Feb 2016 Evergreen









2015年的冬天雖屬淡季,但是房屋供給量少,需求量大,價格卻依然持穩,甚至維持上揚,成交天數雖然出現微幅上揚,但是Sunnyvale, Berryessa, Evergreen以及South SJ, Blossom Valley等等的加價率卻在11月、12月落底之後彈升。


CU all
Cupertino 201601 加價率持平,成交天數多了一天


Sunnyvale 我只抓了Single Family  201601 加價率回彈,成交天數微幅上揚






South SJ
也許矽谷的樣本數不夠,那我們來看看樣本數更多的Blossom Valley, South San Jose, Willow Glen,價格一樣在11月落底之後彈升。






Mingwei Business card











美國聯邦法認定18歲以下尚未有法定行為能力(legal capacity)

但是有例外,除非從軍、經法院宣判合法結婚能買賣不動產 簽訂契約之外 (通常叫作 婚姻成年制 或 法定成年制 Emancipated ) 其餘有非常嚴格之規定,以下在BOE有詳細說明,請參考。

493.0020 Custodianship.
Under California law, a minor may own real property or an interest therein, but a minor may not convey or make contracts relating to real property. Since a minor cannot sell or purchase property held directly in his or her own name, transactions involving a minor’s interests in real property are usually conducted indirectly through a guardianship or trust. The California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (CUTMA) provides a statutory mechanism for transferring property to an adult “custodian" for the benefit of a minor. A CUTMA custodian holds, controls, manages, and invests the custodial property. When the custodianship terminates, title to the custodial property is transferred to the minor or the minor’s estate.

When property is transferred to a minor’s custodian under the CUTMA, a minor has beneficial ownership of the property, and the custodian only has legal title with powers and limitations similar to that of a trustee. Therefore, for property tax purposes, an assessor should treat a CUTMA custodianship in the same manner as a trust and “look through" to identify the transferor and the present beneficiary. A CUTMA custodian is not considered the beneficial owner.

Thus, there is no exclusion from change in ownership for a transfer of real property from a grandmother to her daughter as a custodian for her grandson under the CUTMA. Such a transfer is considered a transfer from a grandmother to the grandson, and not from the grandmother to the daughter that qualifies for the parent-child exclusion. Neither is the grandparent-grandchild exclusion available since the mother of the grandchild is still living. C 9/14/2007.
[End Quote]



舊金山灣區 南灣 房地產 201510月最新數據報告

Here is the latest market analysis by Maggie Chien.  I just finished house market research about South bay, part of east bay and also Berryessa.  Time frame is from Oct 2014 to Sep 2015.  Postal City is Palo alto, Mountain View, Sunnyvale, Cupertino, Fremont, Milpitas, Berryessa.  Property Type is Residential.  Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Town house’.


Los Gatos/Monte Sereno & Saratoga 的市況變化

L & S 201509

交易天數減少、加價率微服增加0.3%,但是基本上Los Gatos/Monte Sereno & Saratoga這兩區域


CupertinoTime frame is from Oct 2014 to Sep 2015 Area Name is '18 - Cupertino' Property Type is 'Residential' Property Sub Type is one of 'Single Family Home', 'Condominium', 'Townhouse' Results calculated from approximately 620 listingsCupertino平均成交天數仍維持在19天,加價率從108.3%降至105.4%


SV 201509

Sunnyvale 近期市況相較Cupertino更佳,

成交天數 減少一天,市場熱度未減,微加價率微幅跌落從109.1%跌至107.9%,顯示房價仍在高檔盤旋,未見跌價趨勢

主因應是Cupertino房價過高,排擠效應讓不少家庭寧願往外退,畢竟94087, 94086等部分Sunnyvale仍有好學區環境


BE 201509


加價率不減反升,從105.2% 上升至106.1%,幫客戶找房子的時候,我也可以明顯感受到Berryessa地區的「熱度」所在!

最近我有客人在看South San Jose的房子,我也跑了一個Single family only的數據供參考


South San Jose成交量少,數據參考值較低,


Cupertino X Sunnyvale 近五年哪裡漲得多?

你知道Cupertino X Sunnyvale這五年房價哪裡漲得多嗎? 猜猜看!


我只針對Single Family 跑了數據

這是Cupertino近五年Single Family房價走勢圖示↓

Cupertino house


2010當年均價$1,052,496  2015年1月至9月均價為 $1,791,901 上漲幅度70.25%

這是Sunnyvale近五年Single Family房價走勢圖示↓

SU house

SUNNYVALE  Single Family房價





股災不只波及賣家,也已經影響到以股票、共同基金(Mutual funds)存頭期款的買家,大跌後續雖有大漲,但是道瓊指數在近1個月跌了7.08% 卻是事實,不少買家多多少少都有些影響,特別是在信心層面。

近半年道瓊指數下跌了9.65%,灣區房價還是屹立不搖,很多人以為可以殺價買房,卻眼睜睜看著房子被搶走,套一句我客人說的話,「有錢就任性嗎?」,我想是不動產(Real Estate)在經濟最動盪的時候,產生了它的價值所在。

而股市影響房市的期間往往長達一年之後,我們拿最近2007年8月開始爆發的次貸風暴、2008年9月發生的雷曼兄弟事件造成的全球金融局勢影響來看,道瓊指數動盪直到2009年3月正式落底,當時指數為6547點,請見下圖。Dow Jones Industrial Average


Bay area 近30年平均房價走勢
Bay area 近30年平均房價走勢

很多人最關心,房價會跌嗎?沒有人知道,就跟股票的新聞都是放馬後炮一樣,沒有人說得準,我也問了灣區前輩,上週跟灣區有名的房地產證照老師童老師聊天,他說:「只要是自住、慎選地點,就算跌了也跌幅不大,過了幾年肯定又漲回來,30年前Sunnyvale一棟房子才8萬元,現在都是百萬元。」,我的老闆 Randy也很常說:「錢只會越來越薄啦…..」。





Here is the latest market analysis by Maggie Chien.  I just finished house market research about South bay, part of east bay and also Berryessa.  Time frame is from Sep 2014 to Aug 2015.  Postal City is Palo alto, Mountain View, Sunnyvale, Cupertino, Fremont, Milpitas, Berryessa.  Property Type is Residential.  Property Sub Type is one of ‘Single Family Home’, ‘Condominium’, ‘Town house’.

一個月又過了,我為各位奉上九月初最新的市場資訊,不過八月成交狀況顯示的其實是六到七月的買氣,其中加價率可以解釋為購買力,部分區域雖然看見衰退,但是Palo alto (14.5%)、Mountian (12.6%)、Cupertino (11%)還是至少要加價一成才買的到房子,部分區域加價率稍有滑落,像是Sunnyvale從11%左右降至9%,Fremnot 小幅跌落1%降至加價率4.5%,Milpitas降至3.5%,Berryessa顯示持平狀態,加價率維持在5~6%之間。



通常特殊市場分析,我經常用到是在出價之前,提供我的客戶該城市、該社區、或該屋近1 mile 以內類似產品的數據分析等,同學區、同性質產品近期銷售最新市況,合理出價,不是瞞天喊價。

Palo Alto Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Palo Alto Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio.

Palo Alto↑、Mountain View ↓成交天數維持低檔,6~7月加價率維持高水平,好屋難求、買盤強勁。

Mountain View Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Mountain View Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio

Sunnyvale Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Sunnyvale Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio

Sunnyvale & Cupertino 成交日期近三個月明顯拉長,↑Sunnyvale 加價率持續萎縮,Cupertino↓下圖 加價率見到彈升。

Cupertino Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Cupertino Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio

Berryessa Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Berryessa Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio

Berryessa 維持穩定,這地區因為產品好壞非常兩極,唯不少Owner occupied的房子,影響銷售天數頗大。

Milpitas Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Milpitas Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio

Fremnot & Milpitas地區成交天數維持穩定,加價率受到7/21地震影響,可能會稍微影響買氣。

Fremont Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio
Fremont Avg DOM & Sale to List Price Ratio


1.誠意金 (Earnest money)
2.託管賬戶 (Escrow account)
3.貸款手續費 (Origination)
4.房屋檢驗費用 (Inspection)
5. 律師費用 (Attorney)
6.信用檢查 (Credit check)
7.額外保險 (Extra insurance)
8.估價費用 (Appraisal)
9.產權過戶費用 (Title Company)
10.土地勘測費用 (Survey)
10 Home-Buying Costs You Need to Know About
If you’re a first-time home buyer, you might get a little queasy when the last line of your good-faith estimate comes in at several thousand dollars. And after the color returns to your face, you might also be a little more than perplexed by some of those fees.
Knowing what you’re paying for—like these 10 common costs—can ease that check-writing pain.
1. Earnest money
To prove you’re “earnest” in your purchase commitment, expect to plunk down 1% to 2% of the total purchase price as an earnest money deposit. This amount can change depending on market factors. If demand in your area is high, a seller could expect a larger deposit. If the market is cold, a seller could be happy with less than 1%.
Other governing factors like state limitations and rules can cap how much earnest money a seller can ask for.
2. Escrow account
An escrow account is basically a way for your mortgage company to make sure you have enough money to cover related taxes and mortgage insurance. The amount you need to pay varies by location, lender, and loan type. It could cover costs for a few months to a year.
Escrow accounts are common for loans with less than a 20% down payment and mandatory for FHA loans, but it’s not required for VA loans.
3. Origination
The origination fee is a hefty one. It’s the price you pay the loan officer or broker for completing the loan, and it includes underwriting, originating, and processing costs.
The origination fee is a small percentage of the total loan. A typical origination fee is about 1%, but it can vary. Use your good-faith estimate to shop around.
4. Inspection
You want to be assured your new home is structurally sound and free of surprises such as leaks or pests living in the walls. Those assurances come with a price.
Home inspection: This is critical for home buyers. A good inspector will be able to notify you of structural problems, flooding issues, and other potentially serious problems. Expect to pay $300 to $500 for a home inspection, although cost varies by location.
Radon inspection: An EPA-recommended step, this inspection will determine whether your prospective home has elevated levels of the cancer-causing agent radon. A professional radon inspection can cost several hundred dollars.
Pest inspections: Roaches are one thing. Termites are a whole different story. Expect to pay up to $150 for a termite inspection.
5. Attorney
Some states, such as Georgia, require an attorney to be present at closing. In some other areas, this is optional. If you use a lawyer, expect to cover the costs, which vary by area and lawyer.
It’s typical for mortgage companies to have a lawyer on their end, although they should cover the bill.
6. Credit check
Just because you can get your credit report for free doesn’t mean your lender can (and it will actually pull all three). You have to reimburse the lender, usually around $30.
7. Extra insurance
If you live in a hazard-prone area, you might need to purchase extra insurance, like for flood.
8. Appraisal
Your lender won’t loan you money for a home without knowing what its fair market value is. An appraisal will cost $200 to $400, depending on location and property size.
9. Title company
You pay this to the title company to make sure the property’s title is free and clear. Your lender will recommend a title company, but you can also shop around for one.
10. Survey
It’s not required in all instances, but your lender may require a professional surveyor to determine exactly where your property lines are drawn. Prices vary widely, but expect to pay at least $100.
Remember: You have bargaining power. Shop around to get a feel for what rates and fees apply in your area. If you aren’t sure what a lender is charging, ask for an explanation—the charge might not be set in stone. If you’re unhappy with a charge, negotiate.
(Info Source: &