18歲以下孩子可以持有房產嗎?

我的客人問我,大陸小孩子年紀輕輕自己就一套房,美國可以嗎?

答案是不行的。

美國聯邦法認定18歲以下尚未有法定行為能力(legal capacity)

但是有例外,除非從軍、經法院宣判合法結婚能買賣不動產 簽訂契約之外 (通常叫作 婚姻成年制 或 法定成年制 Emancipated ) 其餘有非常嚴格之規定,以下在BOE有詳細說明,請參考。

http://www.boe.ca.gov/lawguides/property/current/ptlg/annt/493-0000-all.html

[Quote]
493.0020 Custodianship.
Under California law, a minor may own real property or an interest therein, but a minor may not convey or make contracts relating to real property. Since a minor cannot sell or purchase property held directly in his or her own name, transactions involving a minor’s interests in real property are usually conducted indirectly through a guardianship or trust. The California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (CUTMA) provides a statutory mechanism for transferring property to an adult “custodian" for the benefit of a minor. A CUTMA custodian holds, controls, manages, and invests the custodial property. When the custodianship terminates, title to the custodial property is transferred to the minor or the minor’s estate.

When property is transferred to a minor’s custodian under the CUTMA, a minor has beneficial ownership of the property, and the custodian only has legal title with powers and limitations similar to that of a trustee. Therefore, for property tax purposes, an assessor should treat a CUTMA custodianship in the same manner as a trust and “look through" to identify the transferor and the present beneficiary. A CUTMA custodian is not considered the beneficial owner.

Thus, there is no exclusion from change in ownership for a transfer of real property from a grandmother to her daughter as a custodian for her grandson under the CUTMA. Such a transfer is considered a transfer from a grandmother to the grandson, and not from the grandmother to the daughter that qualifies for the parent-child exclusion. Neither is the grandparent-grandchild exclusion available since the mother of the grandchild is still living. C 9/14/2007.
[End Quote]

 

 

作者: Maggie Chien 簡明葳

我的中文名字是簡明葳,大家都叫我Maggie,現在在美國矽谷/硅谷(Silicon Valley)擔任房產經紀人 Broker DRE#01973756 。 我曾在台灣當過九年的財經記者,蘋果日報房地產中心(地產王&家居王)、自由時報財經中心房產線總資歷長達七年。我在台灣採訪過數千間建案,在矽谷看房歷年破千間以上,這幾年的矽谷房地產經紀人經驗,建立了我完整的買房資歷與經驗。 在矽谷買房子,是一個充滿挑戰的過程。我能提供試算服務、貸款諮詢與轉介、為你挑選適合妳需求的房子、一同看屋,與你一起挑戰競標的過程。我們將逐條念過合約內容,下標之前我會誠實地揭示屋況、屋主詳細情形、報告,而後續的交屋、租屋、修繕、改建等諮詢都在服務範圍之內。 關於賣房,房價評估、市場分析、修繕建議、上市時間建議、Staging評估、風格挑選、行銷方式分析、海報、Post、媒體推廣、行銷媒體選擇、挑選offer輔助,後續交屋,都是我擔任賣房經紀人時的職責。 我是 National Board of Realtors、California Association of Realtors、以及 Silicon Valley Association of Realtors的會員。 如果您有任何買賣房屋的需求。 請利用以下方式與我聯繫、預約看房或賣房分析 電話 408-505-3003 (如未接電話請留言) 電郵: mingwei@kw.com 微訊:maggiechien002 LINE:chienmingwei FB粉絲專頁:Maggie Chien-Realtor I am a California realtor/broker associate in the Silicon Valley, currently working with Keller Williams Realty. I have always had a passion for Real Estate. As an Editor/Journalist in Taiwan, I had written hundreds of news articles covering Real Estate and Interior Design. After moving to the SF Bay Area in 2014, I followed my passion and embarked on a successful career as a Real Estate agent/broker. For my buying clients, I understand home ownership is a big part of the American Dream and I will help you to achieve this goal with logic and data: - Find/compare/verify the house of your need - Review all property inspection reports, seller disclosures, permit history, HOA docs, etc. with you - Explain all contractual documents to help you make the strongest offer with confidence - Share a buyer's only checklist with you prior to making an offer For my selling clients, I understand it can be a very stressful process determining when to sell, how to price and market the house. I will greatly reduce your burden by: - Thorough analysis on market condition, timing and price - Prepare all documents and escrow account - Touch up/renovate the house with my team of contractors - Showcase the house with professional staging - Advertise and conduct open house - Review and select the strongest offer with confidence Check my review and give me a call for a free consultation today.

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